(b. 1931) is one of the most ambitious Polish poets alive. She also writes novels and radio plays, columns and theater pieces for children. She studied Polish Literature at the University in Wrocław, and made her debut in a local gazette in 1953. Since 1970 she has worked for the legendary Polish monthly Odra, which has been a staple of Polish culture. She has won many literary awards, including the Kościelski Prize in Geneva, PEN awards, and two German awards: the Eichendorf in Wangen and the Lower Saxony Land Medal in Hanover. She has been translated into many languages and published around the world.